Vitiligo Treatment Pictures

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Vitiligo Treatment Pictures

        The aim of vitiligo treatment is to limit the extension and number of depigmented areas. In some cases, medical treatment for vitiligo is not necessary. Self - measures : use of sunscreen creams and application of cosmetics are sufficient.

       In order to give some good results for the patients, there are several therapies to be followed. Response to therapy is variable. Vitiligo treatment should be individualized and the patient should be warned of the risks associated with the therapy. During medical therapy the pigment cells grow and proliferate in these three sources:

  • Pilosebaceous unit - which has the largest number of cells, migranting from the external root to epidermis
  • From the unattacked epidermal melanocytes
  • From the edge of lesions, migranting 2-4 mm from the edge.

       In children, rarely is chosen an intensive vitiligo treatment, preferring the protection against sun and hiding the depigmented areas, using cosmetics or clothing.

       Obtaining a uniform appearance of the skin can be achieved either by repigmentation of the affected areas or by skin depigmentation on the body. Opting for a particular treatment is based on the number of white spots and on their extension. Watch here some vitiligo treatment pictures for you to know what to expect dealing with this disease.

Vitiligo treatment pictures

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Vitiligo treatment - Drug therapy

Corticotherapy

       Corticosteroids contribute to the skin's repigmentation, particularly if medication is initiated soon. These drugs (which include cortisone) are similar to hormones produced by the suprarenal glands. Corticosteroids may be prescribed in the form of a cream or ointment in children less than 10 years. The medicine is applied on depigmented portions for at least three months to get results.

       Systemic prednisone was used although the toxic effects of prolonged administration are undesirable. Successes have been reported when administered in pulse doses or low doses to minimize adverse effects. The benefits toxicity ratio should be evaluated carefully.

       Frequently, a topical preparation for localized vitiligo is chosen because it is easy and convenient for doctors to keep the patient vitiligo treatment. The result of the therapy is reported to be moderately effective, especially in patients with localized vitiligo and inflammatory component. Generally intra lesional corticosteroids should be avoided because of the injection pain and the risk of cutaneous atrophy.

Photochimotherapy PUVA method

       The PUVA method combines the administration of the psoralen drug (orally or by topical application) and ultraviolet radiation (UV). Psoralen, ingested 2-3 hours before phototherapy, makes the skin more sensitive to ultraviolet light.

       Topical application of the psoralen drug is indicated for patients with a small number of depigmented areas (which affects less than 20% of body surface). Oral administration is indicated in cases of generalized vitiligo (affecting more than 20% of body surface), or in cases of failure of topical therapy.

       PUVA is a vitiligo treatment with a high efficiency (50% -70% of cases). Adverse effects are pruritus (itching), pain and burning like sun exposure, hyperpigmentation or vitiligo-affected areas neighboring normal areas. Risk of burns can be reduced by avoiding direct exposure to sunlight after each treatment session. Long-term PUVA slightly increase the risk of skin cancer.

       Photochimotherapy is contraindicated in children less than 12 years and pregnant or nursing women.

       Look at this vitiligo treatment pictures to see how people felt after the therapy.

Phototherapy with UVB narrow band

       Therapy with narrow band UVB ultraviolet rays is used as an alternative to the PUVA method. Therapy does not require administration of psoralen and is considered a safer alternative to long term.

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       Satisfactory cosmetic induce repigmentation in 70% of patients with early or localized disease. Short band ultraviolet B rays are used. The frequency of the vitiligo treatment is 2-3 times a week but never on consecutive days. This treatment can be used safely in children, pregnant and lactating. Short-term adverse effects include itching and xerosa. Several studies have demonstrated the success of standalone UV-B therapy.